Causes of acne

What are the causes of acne? This is a really very burning question now days for teenager’s women and men’s also. We know that acne is caused by hormonal imbalance, the bacteria P. acnes, and over production of sebum by sebaceous glands.

causes of acne

There are also lots of other general factors which contribute in making control or total eradication of acne almost impossible. These factors can be as important as the nutrients in your diet or as trifle as how you wash your face. Diet plays a significant role in skin disorders, including acne. Sometimes a lack of certain nutrients causes’ acne, and sometimes the presence of certain food items worsen acne.

The reason is said to be that toxins and food, which are not processed properly by the digestive system in absence of necessary nutrients, sometimes end up getting eliminated through skin as acne or eczema, the chemical decomposition of certain food in digestive systems increases the amount of such elements which help in acne proliferation. Like saturated fat in animal products and the hydrogenated fat in processed food, refined sugar, coffee, alcohol etc,  these produce bio-chemical toxins after decomposition in the GI tract and these toxins are released through the skin pores causing or inflaming acne. The improper digestion also helps acne to increase.

sebum_blocked

It’s also seen that most of the cosmetics also increase up of acne

because of chemicals present in them. The cosmetics which have oil bases are not ideal for people suffering from acne, as these will increase the already high amount of sebum which is an oily substance in skin.

Even water-based cosmetics sometime contain certain chemicals which worsen acne. Recent findings about acne-inducing cosmetics include blushers in which red tints have been used which make the cane worst.
We have said that improper diet, excess use of cosmetics and pollution increases the acne but apart from these all the modern day lifestyle also contributes to acne indirectly. It is also fined in some research that the stress factor increases the acne. In one such study, researchers from Stanford University School of Medicine say that stress might actually worsen acne.

Acne Fulminans

Acne fulminans
Acute febrile ulcerative acne is also known as Acne fulminans it occurs after unsuccessful treatment for another form of acne, acne conglobata. This is an abrupt onset of acne conglobata which normally afflicts young men. Symptoms of severe nodulocystic, often ulcerating acne are apparent.  The condition is commonly, albeit inefficiently treated with steroids. Acne fulminans’ begins as pain and inflammation in the joints. It eventually progresses into a swelling of the lymph nodes located at the base of the neck, causing inflexibility in the neck within weeks after the nodes swell. This swelling will eventually decrease, but this decrease will be accompanied by an increased inflammation and swelling of the joints
Acne fulminans is thought to be an immunologically induced disease in which elevated level of testosterone causes a rise in sebum and Pacne bacteria’s. The condition is commonly, albeit inefficiently treated with steroids.
The disease activates at the height of puberty, usually at around 13 years of age.

Acne Fulminans

Acute febrile ulcerative acne is also known as Acne fulminans it occurs after unsuccessful treatment for another form of acne, acne conglobata. This is an abrupt onset of acne conglobata which normally afflicts young men. Symptoms of severe nodulocystic, often ulcerating acne are apparent.

Acne fulminans

The condition is commonly, albeit inefficiently treated with steroids. Acne fulminans’ begins as pain and inflammation in the joints. It eventually progresses into a swelling of the lymph nodes located at the base of the neck, causing inflexibility in the neck within weeks after the nodes swell. This swelling will eventually decrease, but this decrease will be accompanied by an increased inflammation and swelling of the joints

Acne fulminans is thought to be an immunologically induced disease in which elevated level of testosterone causes a rise in sebum and Pacne bacteria’s. The condition is commonly, albeit inefficiently treated with steroids.

The disease activates at the height of puberty, usually at around 13 years of age.


Gram-Negative Folliculitis:

Gram-Negative Folliculitis:

This condition is a bacterial infection characterized by pustules and cysts, possibly occurring as a complication resulting from a long term antibiotic treatment of acne vulgaris.

gram-negative-folliculitis

It is a rare condition, and we do not know if it is more common in males or females at this time. Fortunately, isotretinoin (Accutane) is often effective in combating gram-negative folliculitis.

Pyoderma Faciale:

In the previous post we described about a type of acne which is know as acne conglobata which is the most severe form of acne vulgaris and is more common in males. Today we define about Pyoderma Faciale

Pyoderma Faciale


pyoderma-faciale


This type of severe facial acne affects only females, usually between the ages of 20 to 40 years old, and is characterized by painful large nodules, pustules and sores which may leave scarring. It begins abruptly, and may occur on the skin of a woman who has never had acne before. It is confined to the face, and usually does not last longer than one year, but can wreak havoc in a very short time.

Acne Conglobata:

This is the most severe form of acne vulgaris and is more common in males. It is characterized by numerous large lesions, which are sometimes interconnected, along with widespread blackheads. It can cause severe, irrevocable damage to the skin, and disfiguring scarring. It is found on the face, chest, back, buttocks, upper arms, and thighs.


acne-conglobata

The age of onset for acne conglobata is usually between 18 and 30 years, and the condition can stay active for many years. As with all forms of acne, the cause of acne conglobata is unknown. Treatment usually includes isotretinoin Accutane, and although acne conglobata is sometimes resistant to treatment, it can often be controlled through aggressive treatment over time.

Acne Rosacea

Acne Rosacea can look similar to the aforementioned acne vulgaris, and the two types of acne are sometimes confused for one another.


acne-rosacea


Rosacea affects millions of people, most of whom those who are over the age of 30. It appears as a red rash which is normally confined to the cheeks, nose, forehead and chin. The redness is often accompanied by bumps, pimples, and skin blemishes. Blood vessels may also become more visible on the skin. Blackheads are not a part of rosacea. It is more prevalent in women, but often more severe when found in men. Left untreated, it can cause swelling of the nose and the growth of excess tissue, a condition called rhinophyma. Treatment is often different for rosacea than for acne, and it is important that you consult a doctor can determine if what you are experiencing is acne vulgaris or rosacea.

Nodulocystic acne

Nodulocystic acne is also known as Cystic acne, it is a severe form of acne wherein acne develops into small cysts. Acne cysts are not true cysts in the sense that they are not abnormal dilations of skin structure, but rather nodules of inflammation. Although not uncommon, it is rarer than other types of acne. Like other forms, it is caused by an excess buildup of sebum in the pores and, contrary to popular belief, is not caused by, nor is it affected by, hygiene or the lack thereof. A common treatment for cystic acne is isotretinoin, which cures most acne in about 90% of patients.
Cystic acne can affect the face, chest, back, shoulders and, occasionally, upper arms. Like pimples, which are more common, cysts are usually filled with a white pus-like substance. They are usually several millimeters in diameter, and can be quite painful.

nodulocystic-acne-1


If cystic acne is not treated early on, especially with antibiotics along with a topical cream, some degree of scarring will occur.

nodulocystic-acne-2

This can be quite severe depending on the case. Although many scars can be treated, scars on the body often do not respond as well as those on the face. In most cases, it is unlikely that all scars can be removed.

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